Computers in Libraries 2012 — My notes from March 21

Computers in Libraries 2012 Conference
http://www.infotoday.com/cil2012/

CIL 2012 Notes

March 21
Keynote:  Jeffrey Phillips “Relentless Innovation”

works for OVO, an innovation consulting firm who works with Fortune 500 clients.
His blog:   “Innovate on Purpose”

* Disappearing Trade Barriers — more competition, need for more innovation.
* Increasing Rate of Change — product/service lifecycles far shorter, attention spans decrease.
* Increasing Customer Expectations — expect and demand more as technologies improve.
* Increasing Access to Information — cost of computing power dropping, access to internet increasing, more information access means more people have more opportunities.
* Decreasing Cost of Entry — internet reduces marketing costs and increases awareness, anyone can sell to anyone else, costs and barriers disappear.

— Change is inevitable, “status quo” is untenable

70’s — balance between innovation and efficiency
80’s — Japanese imports and greater emphasis on quality
90’s — Motorola increased efficiency and brought the idea of operating lean, “Six Sigma”
Today — foreign competition/ outsourcing and redouble efficiency, outsource everything else
Now way over-balanced toward efficiency and middle managers ensure this.  They want things to run on auto-pilot.
However, what if all of the sudden square peg comes along and they can’t get it to fit in a round hole?  Suddenly, they don’t know what to do!
Innovation is unusual.  Doesn’t fit in “business as usual”.
Most companies are insane– doing the same thing over and over expecting different results.
What people do to get around this is slide work to the side, which is called “skunk work” or “hot house”.  However, these have a hard time surviving in BAU world.

** There is a Third Way — Don’t change the innovative idea, but change process, communication, compensation and culture.
— When people are evaluated for their normal BAU work, and not on their innovative work, then people will be forced to do BAU work.

Important!! Need middle management buy-in.  Also, stop training them on being efficient, and start innovation training
* reward should be stressed on innovation, not BAU
* more training in innovation

4 things to remember
1. create clear innovative goals
2. rebalance tools and skills.  innovate without losing efficiency
3. define and sustain an innovative process
4. rework culture, incentives and rewards.

The Changing Face of Content: Publisher and Information Pro Perspective
Andrea Kravetze (VP of UCD, Elsevier); Joe Murphy (Independent consultant and blogger “Library Future”)

Over 23 thousand science and tech journals; traditional scientific article is changing; semantic indexing — search and catalog data into categories. Increase in digital research.
* communicate — include digital data
* optimal reading experience
* right tools for diverse and discipline-specific
* usable tools
* provide tools for info overflow
* traditional reading
* collaborate– chat, etc.
* workflow
* linking
Future article:
* presentation, content and context
* readability, discoverability, extensibility
* navigation
* accessibility
3 basic design
1. readability — presentation
2. discoverability
3. extensibility — generic layout

shows 3 pane interface
left pane navigation and outline, middle pane .pdf of doc and right pane task-based with added values such as pictures and videos  (also in this pane one can bring in original,  updated data that can be manipulated, e.g. change crosshair and x/y axis.  Also a pane has a flowchart of the methods and protocols, which it MUCH easier than having to decipher this from the article itself, which is what has been down in the past.  Case studies can include author info and schedules for the author to be available for online chats.  Content — Author tags external data, they it in and use 3D visualization.

Joe Murphy “The Changing Face of Content”  http://joemurphylibraryfuture.com/blog/

Create your own custom magazine:
* Flipboard — apple app.  provides visual interface on subjects you create, and also social friends recommend (tied to your social services).
* Zite — Similar to Flipboard
* Editions by AOL

IAuthor — Self-publishing — http://www.apple.com/ibooks-author/
http://www.inkling.com/ — smart electronic textbooks
Cloud reading:  http://www.24symbols.com/ — it is online service, like Spotify, but for e-books to read.
Self-Curator programs — Pinterest http://pinterest.com/  collect pictures and share.
California middle school experiment — IPAD vs. print text.  The kids with IPADS were far more engaged than kids with print text, and scores were much higher.
Experiment — archive library found people in archives and created Facebook pages for them as if they were still alive.  It was very popular, but Facebook shut it down because it was against their use policy.  Still, great idea.
Marvel Comic creates Marvel Comic App:  http://marvel.com/mobile .

Getting Ready for the Semantic Web
Sharon Yang : systems librarian, rider univ.; Yan Yi Lee: systems librarian, Wagner College
Is Semantic Web our Future? Tim Berners Lee gave vision of future web — semantic web.
1.) machines understand data
2.) entity relationships (like RDA)
3.) A web of linked data vs. a web of linked documents.

Semantic web — machine plays a bigger role
Examples of websites that use “some” semantic web:
* http://www.hakia.com
* http://www.nndb.com
* http://www.foaf-search.net

RDA uses many different words but only one identity. Idea of single identity– person, place, concept, etc. unique identification.
Uniform Resource Identifier (RDI) — example, “Shakespeare”
An entity is also called a resource.  Examples of URI from LCSH in SKOS http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/
Structure Resource Description Framework (RDF) — Subject, Predicate, Object (e.g. person, age, 18)
RDF statements are sometimes called “triplets”
* Subject — entity (can be a URI)
* Predicate — property or attribute (can be URI)
* Object — property value (can be URI)

Shared Base Ontology and Common Vocabulary — share with many databases
Semantic Web Ontology,  e.g. Dublin Core
power of semantic web — power of inference — (Tom is a cat; cat is a mammal; Tom is a mammal)

Semantic Web Developments in Libraries
* RDA Vocabulary and OMR (JSC/CDMI/ALA)
http://www.rda-jsc.org/index.html
http://www.rdatoolkit.org/
Open Metadata Registry:  http://metadataregistry.org/
* MULDICat (IFLA) (Multilingual Dictionary ..)  http://www.ifla.org/publications/multilingual-dictionary-of-cataloguing-terms-and-concepts-muldicat
* Authorities and Vocabularies (LC)
http://authorities.loc.gov/
* Linked Data Research (OCLC)
http://www.oclc.org/research/activities/linkeddata/default.htm

RDA — Resource Description and Access
OMR — Open Metadata Registry (Funded by the National Science Digital Library)
Goals of Metadata Discovery (URI)
* Reuse
* Standardization
* Interoperability

RDA Vocabulary published in OMR 2011- 2012
DCMI/RDA Task Group working on JSC development of RDA and ALA
http://rdvocab.info

SKOS (Simple Knowledge Organization System) provides a standard way to represent knowledge organization systems using the Resource Description Framework (RDF). Encoding this information in RDF allows it to be passed between computer applications in an interoperable way.
http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/

Getting to know HTML 5 and CSS 3
Jason Clark from Montana State University.  His new book, Building Mobile Apps for Digital Libraries, is coming out in April.

Boing Boing http://boingboing.net/ is an example of a site that has  moved to HTML 5.
Creative of examples of using HTML 5:  http://www.chromeexperiments.com/arcadefire/

Web was initially links to documents.  HTML 5 more about data.
* changes to specs
* JavaScript API’s
*additions to css specs

simplified Doctype <!DOCType html>
New tag attributes such as .aside/.mark/.article, etc.
<P attribute= text editable>
<dd itemprop = “title”>

Native Video
*Simple markup
*No plugin
*limited vid formats: .ogv, .mp4, .webm

Forms, field types — email, date, <inputtype = “URL”>
Java Script APIs
Geo Location:  W3C API/accurate/  supported in Firefox 3.6 and Safari 4
File and Drag and Drop API
History API (allows back button)
Rounded Elements — Creates rounded buttons
Gradients/Opacity
* No more background images
* Transparency
Switch style sheets based on users screen resolution
@Media Screen
@Font face — brings in fonts

HTML5 Resources
http://www.modernizr.com/
http://html5doctor.com/
http://www.html5rocks.com/en/
http://html5boilerplate.com/

He showed demo with his test catalog (using HTML5) in which he “spoke” search terms into his phone.

Free and Cheap Tools and Apps

Nicole Engard:  “What I learned Today” blog http://www.web2learning.net/
Here open source list:  http://www.delicious.com/stacks/view/Igw8OK
Here book:  Library Mashups

She mentioned a few sources:  Firefox, LibreOffice, Ubuntu, Koha and Evergreen ILS.
http://www.limesurvey.org/
* free survey software, hosted on your server, unlimited surveys, you own the data, printable surveys and surveys in multiple languages

http://www.scribus.net/canvas/Scribus
http://wiki.scribus.net/canvas/Made_with_Scribus#English
Create newsletters, signs flyers and promotional material.

http://camstudio.org/
share tutorials, book discussions, library tours, interviews, etc. (screenshots and video).

http://libki.org/
software to manage public access library computers.

http://www.zotero.org/   *** Excellent tool! **
Citation management software, generate bibliographies, store pdf
plugin for Firefox and also a stand-alone version.
Excellent guide that GSU has created:  http://research.library.gsu.edu/zotero

http://www.pidgin.im/
login to multiple IM accounts — good for Ask a Librarian services.

http://www.igniterealtime.org/projects/spark/
Enterprise IM software.

http://omeka.org/
Professional online exhibits and digital archive tool.

http://code.google.com/p/libstats/
Keeps track of reference questions.  Provides involved stats.

Open Source OPAC’s:  http://vufind.org/ ; http://drupal.org/project/sopac ; http://scriblio.net/ ; http://projectblacklight.org/

Reserves Direct — software for Reserves

http://subjectsplus.com/ — Subject Guides software

http://libx.org/ — browser toolbar, instant access to library resources.

http://portableapps.com/ — store apps on a usb drive, good way to use Firefox without having to use the Firefox loaded on the pc.  You can test software on the thumb drive first without having to load it on your computer.

http://www.oss4lib.org/ — One stop place for open source library software.
Louise and Christa gave a  quick presentation of even more open source.

http://pinterest.com/

https://www.meebo.com/ — allows you to have multiple IM accounts open.  Some libraries use this as an “ask a librarian” service.

http://www.xtranormal.com/ — allows you to create short animated movies.  Web based or desktop.  Has some free services, but can pay for some as well.

Skype:  Ohio university library has “Skype a Librarian”.  Also libraries have Skype sessions with authors, especially children authors.

QR Codes:  California library scan QR Codes to download free audiobooks.

http://wordpress.com/ — Not only for blogging, but libraries can create library web pages with these.  Example:  http://winooskilibrary.wordpress.com/ .
Other examples:  http://delicious.com/cjburns42/cildctools

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